Hot questions for Using Azure in adal

Question:

How do I verify a JWT signature for an Azure B2C id token in Java? I have successfully verified signatures with google open-id connect, but I have not been successful verifying signatures for Microsoft Azure B2C jwt id tokens. I used the example B2C playground app here https://aadb2cplayground.azurewebsites.net/ . After signing up and editing my profile, and I captured this id token.

eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsIng1dCI6Ik1uQ19WWmNBVGZNNXBPWWlKSE1iYTlnb0VLWSIsImtpZCI6Ik1uQ19WWmNBVGZNNXBPWWlKSE1iYTlnb0VLWSJ9.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.MPPkvUc0bHuVyf8hr4JZ0hG0mLE2pT7maDR-10e3XR8m6FtrsmQlkgvhnzfao94jPzDzX_CnG_Asfnqv04JeIpvQXBlViO63AlfZaZVllLByeJti5Uat1WepMPz5MRydk6b2o5w_xRfl7QOI-L9Yt8r7-rQX1FMuIPfvvsUity-M-H8s0XInvihxiKEHU_wvz6U017Tgjs4qcrpILM5Ziaxfb7oSxgECl3EDWAoITDy5B-rYCH_o-7mhxHQauUYgH5dUV2MrM8iuaMPoRc3r9Xk38SyfgS1-4taK_bi_AIutyOBX4O3cWbrvGDshQbHBW4BmjctTBT-xUPWboydpuA

I pointed my java code to use the following endpoint for token verification.

https://login.microsoftonline.com/fabrikamb2c.onmicrosoft.com/discovery/v2.0/keys?p=b2c_1_sign_in

At the time this was written, this was the json at that end-point.

{
  "keys": [
    {"kid":"IdTokenSigningKeyContainer","use":"sig","kty":"RSA","e":"AQAB","n":"tLDZVZ2Eq_DFwNp24yeSq_Ha0MYbYOJs_WXIgVxQGabu5cZ9561OUtYWdB6xXXZLaZxFG02P5U2rC_CT1r0lPfC_KHYrviJ5Y_Ekif7iFV_1omLAiRksQziwA1i-hND32N5kxwEGNmZViVjWMBZ43wbIdWss4IMhrJy1WNQ07Fqp1Ee6o7QM1hTBve7bbkJkUAfjtC7mwIWqZdWoYIWBTZRXvhMgs_Aeb_pnDekosqDoWQ5aMklk3NvaaBBESqlRAJZUUf5WDFoJh7yRELOFF4lWJxtArTEiQPWVTX6PCs0klVPU6SRQqrtc4kKLCp1AC5EJqPYRGiEJpSz2nUhmAQ"}
  ]
}

Here is the java code that I used

package com.example

import org.jose4j.jwk.HttpsJwks
import org.jose4j.jwt.JwtClaims
import org.jose4j.jwt.consumer.InvalidJwtException
import org.jose4j.jwt.consumer.JwtConsumer
import org.jose4j.jwt.consumer.JwtConsumerBuilder
import org.jose4j.keys.resolvers.HttpsJwksVerificationKeyResolver

class AzureB2CPOC7 {

public static talk(){

    String jwt = "eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsIng1dCI6Ik1uQ19WWmNBVGZNNXBPWWlKSE1iYTlnb0VLWSIsImtpZCI6Ik1uQ19WWmNBVGZNNXBPWWlKSE1iYTlnb0VLWSJ9.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.MPPkvUc0bHuVyf8hr4JZ0hG0mLE2pT7maDR-10e3XR8m6FtrsmQlkgvhnzfao94jPzDzX_CnG_Asfnqv04JeIpvQXBlViO63AlfZaZVllLByeJti5Uat1WepMPz5MRydk6b2o5w_xRfl7QOI-L9Yt8r7-rQX1FMuIPfvvsUity-M-H8s0XInvihxiKEHU_wvz6U017Tgjs4qcrpILM5Ziaxfb7oSxgECl3EDWAoITDy5B-rYCH_o-7mhxHQauUYgH5dUV2MrM8iuaMPoRc3r9Xk38SyfgS1-4taK_bi_AIutyOBX4O3cWbrvGDshQbHBW4BmjctTBT-xUPWboydpuA";
    HttpsJwks httpsJkws = new HttpsJwks("https://login.microsoftonline.com/fabrikamb2c.onmicrosoft.com/discovery/v2.0/keys?p=b2c_1_sign_in");
    HttpsJwksVerificationKeyResolver httpsJwksKeyResolver = new HttpsJwksVerificationKeyResolver(httpsJkws);
    JwtConsumer jwtConsumer = new JwtConsumerBuilder()
            .setRequireExpirationTime() // the JWT must have an expiration time
            .setAllowedClockSkewInSeconds(3600) // allow some leeway in validating time based claims to account for clock skew
            .setRequireSubject() // the JWT must have a subject claim
            .setExpectedIssuer("https://sts.windows.net/775527ff-9a37-4307-8b3d-cc311f58d925/") // whom the JWT needs to have been issued by
            .setExpectedAudience("bb2a2e3a-c5e7-4f0a-88e0-8e01fd3fc1f4") // to whom the JWT is intended for
            .setVerificationKeyResolver(httpsJwksKeyResolver)
            .build();

    try
    {
        //  Validate the JWT and process it to the Claims
        JwtClaims jwtClaims = jwtConsumer.processToClaims(jwt);
        System.out.println("JWT validation succeeded! " + jwtClaims);
    }
    catch (InvalidJwtException e)
    {
        // InvalidJwtException will be thrown, if the JWT failed processing or validation in anyway.
        // Hopefully with meaningful explanations(s) about what went wrong.
        System.out.println("Invalid JWT! " + e);
    }
}
}

At first, I received this error message "Unable to find a suitable verification key for JWS w/ header". So, I created a local web server and copied the json from the microsoft json endpoint, but I replaced "kid":"IdTokenSigningKeyContainer" with "kid":"MnC_VZcATfM5pOYiJHMba9goEKY".

That change fixed the "Unable to find a suitable verification key for JWS w/ header" error message, but I received the following error instead "JWS signature is invalid".

I am searching for a java solution to validate the signature of the jwt id token listed above. Thanks in advance.


Answer:

Try using https://login.microsoftonline.com/fabrikamb2c.onmicrosoft.com/discovery/v2.0/keys for the HTTPS JWKS location. There's a different key there and it has a kid and x5t that match up to what's in the JWT.